Sights of Ukraine
Traces of several cultural and historical epochs have been preserved on the territory of Ukraine. From the time of the primitive communal system, unique remains of dwellings made of bones, petroglyphs of Kamennaya Mohyla (near the village of Terpenye in the Zaporozhye region), ancient stone sculptures have come down; from the culture of the Scythians and Sarmatians – numerous burial mounds and settlements. According to Toppharmacyschools.org, the ruins of Greek settlements remained on the Crimean peninsula. Old Russian culture is reflected in the outstanding architectural monuments of Kyiv and Chernigov. The culture of the Ukrainian ethnic group itself was formed in the XIV-XV centuries. The capital of Ukraine Kyiv is considered one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Numerous architectural monuments – the remains of the Golden Gate, the St. Sophia Cathedral, the building of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, the Church of the Savior on Berestov (where the founder of Moscow Yuri Dolgoruky was buried in 1157), as well as the always lively Khreshchatyk – the main street of the capital, the old quarters of the city, numerous theaters and museums leave an unforgettable impression on tourists. Chernigov. Numerous architectural monuments of the XII century have been preserved here. A well-known center of tourism, picturesquely located on the high bank of the Desna, is Novgorod-Seversky, from where Prince Igor Svyatoslavovich organized a campaign against the Polovtsy. Lviv – one of the most beautiful cities in Ukraine, memorable for many old buildings, cathedrals, fortress towers, the old market. The streets of the small town of Uzhgorod will leave many vivid impressions. The ancient city of Chernivtsi is cozy and picturesque. In old Lutsk, founded by Prince Vladimir, there are many churches, the castle of Lubart of the XIV century. Odessa, located on the Black Sea coast, is the most colorful city in southern Ukraine. The central part of the city is represented by characteristic buildings in the style of classicism. Tourists will be especially pleased to visit the famous Odessa market. Within the city and to the south-west of it there are many resorts, the main natural factors of which are climate, estuary and lake mud, and mineral waters.The Crimean peninsula is a special natural and cultural region of Ukraine, a world famous resort area, which includes the cities of Yalta, Alushta and the villages of Gurzuf, Livadia, Planerskoye, Sudak, Koreiz, Mukhalatka and Foros. In the Greater Yalta area there is a unique Museum of the Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking “Magarach” (founded in 1828), an exotic cable car to Mount Darsan (Ai-Petri massif), Alupka and Massandra palaces-museums, numerous resort suburbs, the most famous – Miskhor, Simeiz, Gaspra, Partenit (Frunzenskoye) and Gurzuf. The best Ukrainian dessert wines and ports are made in Crimea. Naturally and culturally interesting is the southwestern part of the country, where the cozy mountains of the Carpathians are located., which are an attractive place for lovers of travel and skiing. In the northeastern part of the country, the cities of Dnepropetrovsk, Poltava and Kharkov are of the greatest interest.. Among the architectural monuments of Dnepropetrovsk (founded in 1776) are the Potemkin Palace (XVIII century), the Transfiguration Cathedral (XIX century). One of the oldest cities in Ukraine is Poltava, under which Peter I defeated the Swedish troops. In honor of this event, the “Column of Glory” was erected. The city has many architectural monuments. Kharkov, which once arose at the confluence of three rivers as a defensive point from the raids of the Crimean Tatars, from 1919 to 1934 was the capital of the Ukrainian SSR. Among its architectural monuments are the Intercession and Assumption Cathedrals (XVII-XIX centuries), the Great Catherine Palace (XVIII century), etc.
Ukraine: Money and currency of Ukraine
Money, CURRENCY EXCHANGE The monetary unit of Ukraine is hryvnia (UAH). You can exchange foreign currency for hryvnias in banks and in many exchange offices. The most common foreign currencies in Ukraine are the US dollar and the euro. Most hotels, restaurants and shops accept credit cards.
Ukraine: Cuisine of Ukraine
KITCHEN Ukrainian cuisine is one of the richest national cuisines. Its dishes have received wide recognition far beyond the borders of Ukraine. Ukraine has long been famous for its national cuisine. Borscht, various flour products (donuts, pampushki, palyanitsa, dumplings, dumplings, cakes, etc.), meat dishes (roast liver, sausages, boiled pork, game, poultry, etc.), vegetable and dairy (ryazhenka, syrniki) products, drinks made from fruits and honey are well known all over the world. Ukrainian cuisine has evolved over many centuries. Throughout the territory of modern Ukraine, it remains quite homogeneous both in terms of the set of products used and the methods of their processing. Some of its dishes have become widespread among other peoples, especially Slavic, both eastern and western. Recipes of Ukrainian cuisine include a huge variety of fruits and vegetables, as well as meat, poultry, fish, mushrooms and berries. Pork is the most common meat product. Meat in a large
In quantity, it is included in the first courses, the main place among which is borscht. It should be especially noted that Ukrainian borscht is the “ancestor” of many other borschts. Of the traditional sweet dishes, uzvara and jelly are popular. For the preparation of sweet dishes, plums, apples, pears, apricots, cherries, red currants, strawberries, strawberries, raspberries, honey, nuts are used.
Ukraine: Culture of Ukraine
- New Year – January 1
- Christmas – January 7
- International Women’s Day – March 8
- Labor Day – May 1, 2
- Easter is not a fixed date
- Victory Day – May 9
- Trinity – the date is not fixed
- Constitution Day – June 28
- Independence Day of Ukraine – August 24